Of course, Sang Nila Utama, the first Lord of this Land, was only some hazy legend. So was the lion he saw. Obviously, he didn't see a lion. The red-bodied, black-headed, white-breasted beast he saw was a tiger (Panthera tigris malayensis/jacksoni). Evidently, the Prince and his most learned Minister, hailing from Palembang, from the banks of the jungled Musi, had never seen *harimau* before in their long and storied lives. Everyone knows lions don't occur this far east, not even Asiatic Lions (Panthera leo leo). Definitely, we know animals can roam far beyond their ranges, carried by currents, chance or catastrophe. Assuredly, big cats can swim. After all, Man (and his cousins), walked out of Africa, then migrated many places. They took on many skins and shades. Why not the megafelidae? Indisputably, lions can learn. To hunt new prey, to stalk the swamps. To hunt harimau, elephants, orangutans. Like Man, they can adapt. Certainly, over millennia, they can establish new populations. Over time, they can change: culturally, phenotypically, genetically. They speciate. They evolve. Manifestly, we have seen this in nature: orcas, crows, chimpanzees, orangutans. Patently, animals can vanish unexplainably. For sure, they go extinct. Unexpectedly, without a trace. Disease, disaster? For sure, such disappearances happen. Undoubtedly, animals in wet, rainforest climates are rarely fossilised. Singapore's freshwater swamps, mangrove jungles and lowland dipterocarp forests were no place for forming fossils. Irrefutably, it was not a relict population of mangrove lions (Panthera leo orientalis) the Prince of Palembang saw. Not the migrant lions which had genetically diverged from Asiatic lions 75,000 years ago. Conclusively, as undisturbed apex predators, they didn't grow to hunt the great gajah. Nor did the lustrous manes of their males darken into midnight, triggered by some still-unknown genetic switch. Plainly, they didn't learn to coat themselves with red river clay of Old Kallang, where they stalked the sambar, the rhinoceros, the crocodile. Of course they didn't. That Lion is just a legend.