Nowadays, Budapest has a little less than two million inhabitants and it is the tenth-largest city in the EU, behind Warsaw. But, what was before there was Budapest and what did the city go through? ⬇️ Many people, who visit Budapest, don’t know that the first settlements in that area were built more than two-thousand years ago by Celts, to be exact: by the Eravisci. The Romans conquered this area, which is modern-day Óbuda, and established ‘Aquincum’, which became the main city of ‘Pannonia Inferior’, or just Lower Pannonia, in 106 AD. Huns eventually overthrew the Romans, but Buda and Pest remained unimportant until the twelfth century, when merchants and traders settled there. After the Tatar Invasion, King Béla IV ordered the construction of reinforced stone walls around the towns and in 1361, Buda eventually became the Capital of Hungary. However, when the Ottomans attacked, Buda and Pest nearly lost their whole population. In 1873, Budapest was finally created from Buda, Pest and Óbuda, but a cycle of destruction and reconstruction, during which the Buda Palace was completely in ruins, followed until the mid-twentieth century.